Gold Contracts


Contract MonthsSpot month; and Next 3 calendar months; and Any February, April, June, August, October and December falling within a 12-month period beginning with the spot month. It is always a good idea to stick to the nearest month contract as liquidity is high in these contracts. For all practical purposes, if you know these things about the Gold contract, you pretty much know what is really required before you trade the big Gold contract. Secondly there will be a central clearer who will guarantee the trade against default. The central clearer is responsible for looking after margin calculations and collecting and holding the margin for both the buyer and the seller. Value of one options unit-a measure of one basis point change in the options price.

physical metals

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3 – The other contracts (Gold Mini, Gold Guinea, Gold Petal)

Gold is one of the most popular bullion contracts that gets traded on MCX. Beyond the Gold Mini contract, we have Gold Guinea and Gold Petal contract. These are extremely tiny contracts which demand a shallow margin, as low as Rs.1251 and Rs.154 . The lot size is small, and therefore the contract value is small as well.

  • Now, they have nearly $9 trillion on their balance sheet and are stuck with this strategy.
  • Hedgers may include producers, portfolio managers and consumers.
  • I want to get straight to the heart of the topic by slicing and dicing the contract specifications of commodities and other details around them.

In normal markets a falling price encourages buyers who pressure the price up, and a rising price encourages sellers who pressure the price down. But successful futures exchanges offer low margin percentages (of about 2% for gold) and to compensate for this apparent risk the exchange’s member firms must reserve the right to close out their losing customers. Having taken the relatively difficult step of taking a position in gold futures investors are required to make repeated decisions to spend money. There is no ‘do nothing’ option, like there is with a bullion investment, and rolling over requires the investor to pay-up, while simultaneously giving the opportunity to cut and run.

Sure, it does occasionally happen that someone needs to buy or real gold in 100-oz. But the vast majority of contracts written are never exercised. When prices of stocks or local currencies fall, metals prices usually rise, and vice versa. You aim to buy when metals are cheap , and you sell when they rise to maintain your overall portfolio value and purchasing power. If spot month Contract trades at the 10% Limit less than 30 minutes before the end of the afternoon trading session, the 10% Limit will apply to Contracts of all contract months for the rest of the afternoon trading session.

Silver Futures SpecificationsContract CodeFGLDUnderlying InstrumentGold assayed to a minimum of 995 fineness or such other technical specification of gold underlying LBMA Gold Price AM. Like If I want to invest in SBIN I simply buy 1 share of SBIN by CNC trade. Gold Mini is the 2nd most popular Gold contract, requires a margin of roughly 15K. Another important thing to note – liquidity is highest in the nearest month contract, so always stick to these. The thumb rule here is – farther the contract expiry, lower is the liquidity.

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Well guess what, uncertainty in the world is good for safe haven assets. Gold is a safe haven store of value, so that’s typically a good thing. We have plenty of instability geopolitically today, what with the war in Ukraine and also with the tensions between the US and China. The 0.75% is known as contango, which decreases in absolute value nearing the date of settlement on a contract. We’ll leave that debate to others, but it’s worth understanding being a short seller is not inherently “bad” in this context. For each transaction, someone must go long and someone must sell short.

Gold Futures: Extra upside still on the table – FXStreet

Gold Futures: Extra upside still on the table.

Posted: Fri, 03 Mar 2023 00:00:00 GMT [source]

To minimize the risk of default both parties must put up an initial amount of cash, known as “margin,” usually about 5-15% of the value of the contract. Investors get the benefit of leverage since they only put up a small fraction of the value of the contract. In our opinion futures are a valuable tool for speculation in gold and silver, but should not be used for long-term investments unless one is a market professional. In a futures contract two parties agree to exchange an asset for a price agreed upon today but with delivery to take place at a specified future date. The party agreeing to buy the underlying asset, is said to be “long” and hopes the price will go up, and the party agreeing to sell the asset is said to be “short” believing that the price will decline.


This means that they protect themselves against price fluctuations by securing a future price for a commodity. An example of a small-scale hedger would be a jeweler who has to deliver a set number of gold pieces at a given future point. If the price of gold increases in the interim, he will have to bear the brunt of this discrepancy. Therefore, his price margin between raw materials cost and retail price would suffer.

Gold/Silver: Strategic investing for the long haul – Kitco NEWS

Gold/Silver: Strategic investing for the long haul.

Posted: Fri, 24 Feb 2023 20:33:00 GMT [source]

The purchase and sale of futures contracts is facilitated through a futures exchange and is standardized in terms of quality, quantity, and delivery time, as well as delivery location. The price of a futures contract is not fixed, however, and is constantly in a state of discovery through an auction-like process on exchange trading floors and/or electronic trading platforms. In the case of gold or silver, a futures contract outlines a specific delivery time and place for “good delivery” gold or silver bullion. Since gold is known as a reliable store of value, many investors buy futures contracts as a hedge against inflation. Additionally, some companies that manufacture products with gold material may invest in gold futures to lock in prices for the yellow metal.

Investors interested in asset holdings of gold without taking physical possession prefer futures as a convenient way to establish a portfolio. However, strategies of this nature cannot avoid expiration dates. Hence, unless the parties roll over or counteract their future positions (i.e., continue the trading process), on the expiration date, they must take possession of the gold or deliver it to a buyer. Our contracts allow all those along the metal supply chain, as well as investment communities, to hedge against or take on price risk. Long-term interest rates, what we call bond yields, particularly the real yield. This is the long-term bond yield, then subtracting long-term expected inflation.


In a highly volatile market a stop-loss order can help one avoid significant losses (I’ve lost only 10%… The market is BOUND to move up… Oh, it hasn’t…). It’s important to remember that, despite the effect the futures market has on the spot price of gold at the retail level, this is all paper gold. The COMEX states that it trades contracts, on a daily basis, equivalent to 27 million ounces of gold. Now, no one is buying or selling anything remotely close to that amount of physical metal. When purchasing a gold futures contract, you can take delivery on that contract of the physical gold. This process can be lengthy and somewhat complicated, however.

buying gold

Adding gold to a diversified portfolio of assets reduces volatility and increases returns. This paper answers those questions using data going back to 1972. You will receive a large contribution next month that you hope to invest in long-term corporate bonds on a yield basis as favorable as is now available. The base currency of the underlying Spot Gold market is USA dollars, so USA dollars will be the currency that you will be trading in. Fortunately for us, the Fed implemented MMT in 2008, and has been stuck with that strategy ever since. With MMT, they used artificially low interest rates to stimulate the economy and broke the free market.

An alternative is to use CFDs to gain leveraged exposure to precious metals. A gold CFD is a theoretical order to buy or sell a certain amount of gold, and the profit or loss on the CFD is determined by the change in price of the gold. As it is a derivative, you never have to deal with taking ownership of the metal, but you can enjoy all the profits as if you had. The other advantage is that it costs you a fraction of the amount you would need to buy the gold. While of course it is used for jewellery these days, its principal uses are as an alternative currency and a long-term store of value. It is the financial value of gold that is important here, and people hold gold bars, gold coins or funds which own physical gold such as exchange-traded funds .


A gold futures contract is often used by traders to hedge against inflation, as a speculative play, or to expose themselves to another asset class aside from regular equities and indices. Some brokerages, like RJO Futures, offer physical delivery of gold contracts, but more often than not, most contracts don’t reach the point of physical delivery. Gold futures are traded at the Bolsa de Mercadorias and Futuros (BM&F) and at the Tokyo Commodity Exchange , and the Korea Futures Exchange . The CME gold futures contract calls for the delivery of 100 troy ounces of gold (0.995 fineness), and the contract trades in terms of dollars and cents per troy ounce.

  • One of the biggest uses of futures contracts is for hedging purposes.
  • The thumb rule here is – farther the contract expiry, lower is the liquidity.
  • The spot gold price is the gold price for immediate settlement.
  • However, as we keep stressing, there is always great risk involved with futures.
  • Consequently, if things go south in many contracts in a short timeframe, as an investor/speculator/hedger, your equity can dissolve in a blink.

You will, however, need to roll your futures positions over as they expire; otherwise you can expect delivery of physical gold. Take possession of or transfer physical gold (e.g., gold coins) – generally involving retail transactions with unsophisticated investors, much like buying apparel or appliances from a reputable dealer. To get more acquainted with gold, request a free information kitand learn more or use the table below to explore some gold investing options now. We define the next contract as the current contract as long as it is more than 14 days from the start of its first notice day, at which point we switch to the next closest contract. This chart is available in durations of 3 months, 3 years and from 1996 to today.


Understand that liquidity is not an issue with trading. Thus, you don’t have to worry about SLs failing when you need them. Furthermore, things can worsen if the descending trend has traction and continues downwards. Because theoretically, the gold pricing can collapse to zero (i.e., taking every possibility into account) – and can certainly go lower than $1,790.

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